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Thursday, April 3, 2014

VILLAGE BASE LINE SURVEY FOR LALOK, MALE AND BOM/SAKAR VILLAGES, RAI COAST, MADANG



Photo 1: Lalok and Male women fishing at the beach between Lalok and Male villages
Photo 2:  Former Ward 6 Member and Fisheries Officer, Bolon Seng from Male, Astrolabe Bay, Madang said his clan originated from turtles. They therefore don't eat turtles! In our next visit we will document his story on video and YouTube it with their permission. Seng's story and other similar stories, encourage us to support their communities in our efforts to save and restore the remaining populations of the endangered and critically endangered sea turtles.

The race to save the remaining critically endangered leatherback turtles in Madang, PNG continues with the tireless volunteer efforts of committed, dedicated and passionate turtle lovers in MAKATA. Join the cause by donating a vehicle or a boat or funds to help sustain this operation. Email: magun.wences@gmail.com now and give us your generous donation.

VILLAGE BASE LINE SURVEY FOR LALOK, MALE AND BOM/SAKAR VILLAGES OF BUGAJIM CENSUS DIVISION, ASTROLABE BAY LLG IN THE RAI COAST DISTRICT OF MADANG PROVINCE, PNG

Report compiled by Adolph Lilai and Simon Warr
Community Facilitators

PART A: LALOK VILLAGE                                                                                

Date: 27th. FEB. 2014



VILLAGE: LALOK                                                                                                        WARD NO. 07
CENSUS UNIT: BUGAJIM                                                    DISTANCE FROM MADANG: 20Km
LLG: ASTROLABE BAY
DISTRICT: RAI COAST
POPULATION: 1870
LANGUAGE: ANZAM
WARD COUNCILLOR: JOHN. MIRIDGE
WARD RECORDER: DANNY. BIRAG
HAMLETS:           1. SANGAU   2. LALOK      3. LALOK 4.LALOK 5. YAWANANAM  6. WANDORYAI    7. NORA       8. NANUM (KUNAI CAMP)      9. RAIAGA                                      10.RAIAGA-1     11. SAGEL 12. AWONG
                            
                                                                  

ESTABLISHED CBO’s:  1. BUGED THEATRE GROUP- involves in educational awareness programs
                                          2. Anzam Youth Group
                                          3. Anzam Women’s Group
CHURCH DENOMINATIONS: LUTHEREN CHURCH ONLY
1.       YOULU LUTHEREN CHURCH
2.       ANZAM LUTHEREN CHURCH
3.       SAGEL LUTHEREN CHURCH
MAIN (STAPLE) FOOD CROPS: YAM, TARO, BANANA

MAIN CASH CROPS: COPRA, COCOA, BETELNUT, VANILLA, GARDEN FOOD CROPS
OTHER SOURES OF INCOME: TRADE STORE BUSINESS, FISH MARKETING

COMMUNITY SERVICES:
                HEALTH: AID POST (Funded by World Vision)
                EDUCATION: LALOK ELEMENTRY SCHOOL Classrooms, Funded by EU
                                          School children from Lalok attended by Male and Bugajim Primary School

NEAREST GOVERNMENT STATION: ILEG STATION

ACCESS TO TOWN: 1. By boat (Cost: K25.00)
                                      2. By PMV (Road) (Cost: K7.00)

MIGRANT S IN: 2 people (Reasons: Escape from personal problems)

MIGRANTS OUT: More than 20 people have migrated out of Lalok and are working in various government departments and private sectors

PROJECTS: Lalok village has one self-help project that the people built using their own resources, a Health Extension Officers house. There is no Government Funded Project in Lalok village.

LITERACY RATE: The literacy rate in Lalok is moderate. Number of Grade 8 and 10 drop out is high. Most of them sponsor themselves to church-run schools in Madang and elsewhere                              in PNG.

CLANS and CLAN LEADERS
                MAJOR CLANS:  1. Wambuk - Yakop. Toga
                                                2. Yawar - Sobu. Waga
                                                3. Yanga - Murai. Nabur
                                                4. Duwai - Nadu. Hausba
                                                5. Lumbuyakeng - Jul. Yak
                                                6. Lalok- Selebbu. Kinang
                                                7. Lumbukbi - Sangi Yangim/ Mul. Vagil
SUB-CLANS: 1. Bosa Wambuk - Kale. Amang
                         2. Sangau – Tigang. Sangi
                         3. Bom – Malang. Sakol
                         4. Soliek –
CULTURE:
The 'hausman/ haus tambaran' of Lalok village is practiced in clans. Each hausman has its own leader and the ceremonies of the hausman are performed only when leaders see that the young boys are matured enough to become men
1.       Yawar clan – Mansur. Waga
2.       Yanga clan – Amok. Kamod
3.       Bosa Wambuk clan – Yamboi. Awang
4.       Wambuk clan – Kaumba. Wal
5.       Duwai clan – Joseph. Nano

NESTING BEACHES:
Lalok’s turtle nesting beaches run from the border of Bom village all the way to the border of Male village. The beach is shared among four clans of Lalok. They are:
1. Bongau beach – Lumbukbi clan
2. Sangau beach – Sangau clan
3.Serwa beach – Wambuk clan

Legend has it that the Wambuk clan originated from the turtle (more stories on video). Turtle is a major protein source harvested during the planting and harvesting season of yams.

TURTLE SPECIES:
The beaches of Lalok are host to the giant leatherback, the green turtle and the hawksbill turtle.
The nesting season of leatherback is in June to December, while the green and hawksbill turtles nest all year round.
                *The hawksbill is the messenger of death for Lalok people. When the hawksbill comes to nest,                 it signals the death of a family member.
                *A green turtle nested on the night of Wednesday the 26th/02/14, at Lalok beach but the eggs                                 were poached.
Again on the night of Friday the 27th/ 02/ 2014 another green turtle nested near Minzeng River. A poacher walked away with the eggs.

ISSUES OF CONCERN:
1.       The pipeline carrying nickel ore to Basamuk processing plant has become a threat to almost the entire coastal communities. At Lalok the pipeline has re-diverted the Minzeng river to burst its banks destroying the road link to Madang and nearly destroying the Lalok village. This is a grave concern for the people.
2.       A Lazarus Pomo from ESP has been manipulating people from Lalok and the surrounding villages.  They established a CBO called the Buged Theartre group and groups from within Lalok and neighboring villages have affiliated with the group. However, people are questioning the groups accountability and transparency.



Note: For Assessment and Recommendations refer to Simon Warr’s report. Simon is a CSO member and the chairman of RE & DF

       

Contact Persons
1.       Kumi Yagas – 70414371
2.       Sakol Kubou – 70551558


End of Report
Adolf Lilai – CF Makata
                 



PART B: MALE VILLAGE                                                                  Date: 27th. FEB. 2014
VILLAGE: MALE                                                                                 WARD NO. 06
CENSUS UNIT: BUGAJIM                                                              Distance from Madang:  21 km
LLG: ASTROLABE BAY
DISTRICT: RAI COAST
POPULATION: 1431
LANGUAGE: WENGE DIALECT
WARD COUNCILLOR: HANZ KURAB
WARD RECODER: JOHN SUALI
HAMLETS:           1. MALE 2. NABU 3.BOR   4 SINAWGIAL   5. BANGAU

ESTABLISHE D CBO’s: 1. MARIE WOMENS GROUP
                                          2. MALE YOUTH GROUP

Both registered with the Buged Theatre Group of Lalok village. However there is a conflict amongst the people because the Buge Theatre Group has been misleading them and making empty promises of benefits.

CHURCH DENOMINATIONS:
1.       CATHOLIC
2.       LUTHEREN
3.       FOURSQUARE
4.       NEW APOSTOLIC CHURCH
The church leaders are: 1. Douglas Maror – Catholic
                                                2. Wendy Kouring – Foursquare
                                                3. Lalek Kalel – New Apostolic

MAIN (STAPLE) FOOD CROPS: Taro, yam, and banana
MAIN CASH CROPS: COPRA, COCOA, BETELNUT, FISH, GARDEN CROPS
COMMUNITY SERVICES:
HEALTH: The Male community has an Aid Post built and is run by the government
EDUCATION: In the education sector the Male community has proven themselves to                                     be self-reliant people. They have built three elementary schools in their ward area. They are:
1.       Male elementary school
2.       Rerehu elementary school
3.       Jilim elementary school
School children from Male attend the Male primary school built and run by the government. The school was built in 1962 and was recently upgraded (infrastructure) by the European Union.
NEAREST GOVERNMENT STATION: ILEG STATION
ACCESS TO TOWN: Access to Madang is generally by road and cost K8.00 one way and access by sea/boat is K25.00 one way
MIGRANTS IN: Outsiders migrating into Male is only 6 people
MIGRANT S OUT: A number of brains from Male village are working for the government and private sectors. There are about 100 plus people.
PROJECTS:
Apart from the three elementary school projects that the people themselves built, there are no other projects in Male village, this is because the people are either ignorant or the leaders have a no caring attitude for their people.
LITERACY RATE
The literacy rate at Male village is very low. Most school aged children are roaming the village doing nothing instead of sitting down in classrooms and learning. A number of factors contribute to this problem. 1. There is the school fee problem, parents can’t afford to pay for their childrens education.
                   2. Laziness- School aged children leaving school for no good reasons
                   3. Pasin bilong peles- sorcery is involved in pushing children out of school
CLANS and CLAN LEADERS
1.       LUMUGUBI CLAN – Yangim Bilei (leader)
2.       MILELAGA CLAN – Bolon Seng (leader)
3.       YAMBAN CLAN – Kamning Kouring (leder)
4.       JIMJAM CLAN – Kasom Bid (leader)
5.       Guwong CLAN – Kakru Mamba (leader)
6.       KEBRONG CLAN – Kolis Siang

SUB-CLANS
1.       GILBAN (LUMUGUBI) – Gabora Mamani
2.       BLAGAN (KEBRONG) – Kor Wanadu

NESTING BEACHES
Male’s turtle nesting runs from the border of Lalok to the border between Male and Kaliku village. The beach is about 1km in length and owned by two clans only. They are the
1.       Lumugubi clan – which owns the stretch from Girsilang beach to Tambogo beach and
2.       Milelaga clan – which own the stretch from Gowsilage beach to Dian beach.
The Nesting Season:
Though the villages are very close neighbors’ the nesting seasons are quite different. When the Balbal tree blooms, this signals the nesting period of turtles and also the yam planting season. These seasons occur during the month of March and April every year.
Turtle species that nests or come to nest on the beach include the giant leatherback, the green turtle and the hawksbill turtle.

ISSUES OF CONCERN
The Male community raised concern for healthy drinking water sources. Currently the Kior River which provides water for drinking, laundry and other uses is being heavily polluted by people living along the river, upstream. There are other creeks and streams too, but because of the increasing number of settlements everywhere this water ways are also being polluted or are at risk of being polluted.

EDUCATION
The people have raised concerns through village leaders that local MPs’ are not looking into some of their problems that needs’ attention. One of this is their call for local MP to help fund classrooms and other basic infrastructure programs for their three (3) elementary schools. They have also appealed for assistance for their MP to subsidize their children’s school fees. Their appeal has since fallen on deaf ears.
Being one of the coastal villages that have the Ramu Nickel pipeline carrying nickel are running through its land and water ways, the Male community is at risk of being affected by the Kior River just like the neighboring Lalok village.

Note:
                For Assessments and Recommendations refer to Simon Warr’s report.
                Simon Warr is a CSO member and chairman of RE & DF

Persons Interviewed
1.       Bolon. Seng (former vice-pesident Astrolabe Bay LLG)
2.       Wel. Warek
3.       Steven. Siang (former recorder)
4.       Sangis. Yangim
5.       Nano. Boti

Contact Person
Steven Siang – Ph. 71346634

END OF REPORT
Adolf Lilai – CF MAKATA
               
               
 PART C: BOM/SAGAR                                                                                     Date: 28th. FEB. 2014
VILLAGE: BOM/SAGAR                                                                                  WARD NO. 10
CENSUS UNIT: BUGJIM                                                                                 DISTANCE FROM MADANG: 19KM
LLG: ASTROLABE BAY                                                                                      PRESIDENT: EMILY DEIDEI
DISTRICT: RAI COAST
POPULATION: 1491
LANGUAGE: ANJAM DIALECT
WARD COUNCILLOR: MAXWELL PAINIA
WARD RECORDER: TOM LAMBERT
HAMLETS: 13 hamlets                                    Settlement: 5

ESTABLISHED CBOs:
Bom/Sagar has a number of community based organizations. They are:
1.       Bom Farming Management
2.       Sagar Youth Group
3.       Bosa Youth Group
4.       Sagar Womens Group
None of these groups have registered.

CHURCH DENOMINATIONS:
There are six (6) church denominations at Sagar village. They are:
1.       Lutheran – Andrew Mapui (leader)
2.       Catholic – Abel Loks (leader)
3.       EBC – Dawa Kery (leader)
4.       SSEC – Jonah Modo (leader)
5.       AOG – Michael Gamog (leader)
6.       Foursquare – Tonny. Bousi (leader)
MAIN FOOD CROPS: Yam, Taro, Banana
MAIN CASH CROPS: COPRA, COCOA, BETELNUT, RICE, GARDEN FOOD, FISH
COMMUNITY SERVICES
                HEALTH: Bom/Sagar village have an Aid Post that is run by the EBC
                EDUCATION: School children from Bom/Sagar are attending the Bugajim Primary School which is funded and run by the government. Bom/Sakar also have two elementary schools which are also funded and run by the government through the education department they are: 1. The No: 4 elementary school and 2. The Bom elementary school.
NEAREST GOVERNMENT STATION:
The nearest government station is the ILEG station
NEAREST GOVERNMENT HEALTH CENTRE
The nearest health centre is Tire health centre
ACCESS TO TOWN
Access to town is mainly by road transport. People use PMV’s to go to town at K5.00 normal rate and K7.00 for those who go to town markets to sell their produce.
MIGRANTS IN:
Total migrants into Bom/Sakar is 13 people
MIGRANTS OUT:
Total migrants out of Bom/Sakar is 14 people which means 14 people from Bom/Sakar are working either for the government or the private sector all around Papua New Guinea.Here are some of them:
1.       Benny. Lumak – Elementary Coordinator Raikos
2.       Kings. Botty – Police offcer (CID)
3.       Waloka – Electrician
4.       Benny. Painia – Interoil Branch Manager Madang
PROJECTS:
Apart from the two elementary school projects Bom/Sakar has no other projects going on in the community.
Recently they tried to connect with JICA to embark on JICA rice projects. They are now successful in getting the project off the ground with farmers engaging in rice farming, with support from JICA.

LITERACY RATE
The literacy rate at Bom/Sakar is very low. Most school aged children and adults are semi to moderately educated.
The cause of this problem is yet to be identified by parents and leaders.

CLANS AND CLAN LEADERS
Bom/Sakar has two major clans and nine sud-clans.
The major clans are:
1.       Bom
2.       Sakar

The Sub-clans are:
                BOM CLAN
1.       Bali – Bowa Painia (leaders)
2.       Gasinsau – Steven Kodo (leader)
3.       Bibilaujam – Jerry. Gaiyam
4.       Karek – Kuya Lawai (leader)
5.       Bom Damui – Kuya Lawai (leader)
SAKAR CLAN
1.       Sibinak – Krambang Akung (leader)
2.       Parmata – Tony Yang (leader)
3.       Rigg – Kulau. Gitang (leader)
4.       Sau – Benny. Molok (leader)

The village of Bom/Sakar has been named after the two clans; Bom clan and Sakar clan

NESTING BEACHES
The nesting beaches of Bom/Sakar extend from Jileb beach in the North to Kumdum beach in the southern end of the village.
The nesting beaches include:
1    1. Jileb                       3. Kubal                                5. Sinai                  7. Mangya           9. Kumdum
2    2.Bararua                                4. Jajasinai           6. Labia                 8. Tiliyaii               10. Yawor
All three turtle species come to nest on these beaches because they are all sandy beaches. Turtle types are: Leatherback, green turtle and the hawksbill.

ISSUES OF CONCERN
1.       Community members have more time for their own personal business activities and have less time for community activities
2.       The biggest problem affecting the livelihood of the people is safe drinking water source. As yet there is no proper drinking water source and leaders are now worried because people might catch water-borne diseases. They are desperately in need of safe drinking water sources. They need help somewhere and somehow.
3.       The poor road conditions of Rai Coast District are also slowing down development activities from taking place in the area.
4.       Most cultural activities in Bom/Sakar  are slowly dying out
5.       The people of Bom/Sakar are also worried about the devastating effects of Yawor River caused by MCC pipeline redirecting the flow of the Yawor River and destroying sections of the Rai Coast Road system and food garden nearby.

Note: For Assessment and Recommendations see Simon Warr’s report.

PERSONS INTERVIEWED
1.       Maxwell Painia – ward 10 councilor and farmer village recorder
2.       Gaibo. Kinda – Subinak clan
3.       Sakol. Kubou – Community member

CONTACT PERSONS
1.       Maxwell Painia – Ph. 72965255
2.       Sakol Kubou – Ph. 70551558

CONCLUSION
This baseline survey was conducted from the 27th. FEB. 2014 to the 28th. FEB. 2014 by field officers (volunteers) Adolf Lilai and Simon Warr to gather information and find out village/ward profile for each community along the coast whose beaches are nesting sites for the sea turtles. From the survey general information about communities are being extracted. A more detailed survey form can be obtained from the District officer or the Local Level Government Officers in the respective areas.

END OF REPORT
Adolf Lilai – Field Officer- MAKATA





BASELINE SURVEY REPORT- LALOK VILLAGE
DATE: 27.02.2014

ASSESSMENT
*Community leaders and members willingly participated and contributed thoughts, ideas and views in the baseline survey process and will be supportive in the next patrol
*Ward councilor, clan leaders and the community members were fully informed and were aware of the purpose and the importance of the baseline survey process and the documentation of the report as multi-purpose instrument for the best interest and benefits for their community at large.
*Clan leaders and elders experienced the method on local knowledge on tagging and monitoring of the leatherback turtles.
*The clan leaders representing the beach owners were interested and requested for the protecting, conserving and preserving the sea turtles and other marine species under the Locally Marine Management Area.
*Number of sea turtles declining due to local fisherman/women catching turtles and harvesting of turtle eggs for eating.
* Lalok village has the best, long and largest sea turtles nesting sites

RECCOMMENDATION- LALOK VILLAGE
*An awareness team to carry out awareness program in the next patrol through community formal meeting.
*Awareness team to collect necessary information  in the next patrol program on updating population figure, name of turtle nesting beach, history and identity, Ward Development Communities (WDC), etc…
*Team to explain more on international Marine Law for protecting and preserving the endangered turtle species
*Team must follow up and involve community and participation in the next patrol program


BASELINE SURVEY REPORT- MALE VILLAGE
DATE: 27TH.02.2014

ASSESSMENT
*Male village has the best, long and largest sea turtles nesting beach
*Community leaders and clan leaders were consulted and briefed on the purpose of the baseline survey and were fully informed
*Leaders were helpful, supportive in contributing thoughts, views and ideas willingly in the baseline survey process
Turtles Nesting
*Clans owning the beach requested awareness programs on the importance of protecting and preserving sea turtles and other fish species under the Locally Marine Management Area.
*Number of sea turtles declining as compared to the past.
*Land boundaries and beach owners has been identified and would not be a problem in the future as per to a National Lands Court decision

RECOMMENDATION – MALE VILLAGE
*Awareness program to be carried out in the next patrol through community meeting (formal meeting)
*Awareness team to collect necessary information in the next patrol program on updated population figure name of sea turtles nesting beach, history and identify, Ward Development Committees
*Team to explain the alternatives of protecting and preserving endangered sea turtle species and other Marine resources.
*Explain more on the International Marine Law for protecting endangered sea turtle species
*Team must follow up and involve community participation in the next patrol program



BASELINE SURVEY REPORT – BOM/SAKAR VILLAGE
DATE: 28TH.02.2014

ASSESSMENT
*Ward Councilor and community representatives’ understood the purpose and the importance of baseline survey through consultation process.
*Bom/Sakar village also has the best, long and the largest sea turtle nesting beach
*Bom/Sakar village has the Memorial site of German Missionaries venturing into Bugajim census division in the early 1950’s-1960’s to attract tourists
*The Ward Development committee’s (WDC) was established and each committee representative has dedicated portfolios, each inclined with the bottom up planning to the reform
*Land boundaries and beach owners have been identified and would not be a problem in the future as per to a National Land Court Decision.
*Number of sea turtles declining as compared to the past.
*Community leaders are happy and interested to work with the team in the next patrol program

RECCOMMENDATION – BOM/SAKAR
* An awareness program to be carried out in the next patrol through formal meeting in the community
*Images to be captured and histories to be recorded through video form with the digital camera in the next patrol
*Team must collect necessary information in the next patrol program and upon updated population figure, name the turtle nesting beach, history and identify beach owners.
*Team must brainstorm with the community and let themselves address their issues o f concerns and to know that they can solve the problems that has been raised in this patrol.

 NOTE:  This report is not complete. We will update it with additional information from our next field trip.














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