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Wednesday, June 18, 2014


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Table of Contents


1.1. Development of plan

The idea of conservation or management is linked with an icon, one of the prehistoric reptiles of all time, the leatherback turtle.  This animal was used traditional as a means for the famous barter system, the coastal communities would trade the leatherback turtle for garden crops. This was a traditional practice for this community; however locals did not know that this assess was not going to be around for long if there were no actions taken to protect them as they were historically part of history. The people of Mur have expressed their desire to manage their resources and have therefore sought assistance from MAKATA Inc, to facilitate a process to achieve this desire. The seven clans that have traditional ownership of the area met on the ______(date)__________________to agree to have a marine management area. This plan is put together by the clans with assistance from MAKATA their overall vision is to__________________________________________.

2. Definition of terms (Need to define)

Management area –
Kunai grass-

3 .Description of the management area

Mur  community is about three to four hours by speed boat and are situated in East of Madang
town in the Rai Coast District of Madang Province in Papua New Guinea.Mur Community is located in Ward 5, Rai coast Madang . It is at least three to four hours by a 40hp engine boat. It is nestled along long stretches of fine black sandy beaches. The people here are subsistence farmers and  fishermen.The proposed management boundaries extend from _(Name)____________to __(Name)___________________. Each clan have designated specific strategies within their clan areas and management would be solely their responsibility.
Mur is made up of one big village and several hamlets. They have seven major clans. Here are the
clans and the number of people in each clan.

Clans and Population

1. Marasok – M = 136 –F= 109 – Total = 245
2. Maigomba - M = 72 – F=50 – Total = 122
3. Yakot - M = 69 – F= 42 – Total = 111
4. Kamdau - M = 72 – F = 26 – Total = 98
5. Sokila - M = 58 – F = 22 – Total = 80
6. Mur - M = 115 – F = 64 = Total = 179
7. Dawang - M = 112 – F = 56 = Total = 168

The population is: Male 634; Female 369; Total = 1003 .

The nearest health center, primary school and other government service is at Saidor, the district
headquarters, some two hours walk away from Mur. The only service in the community is the
elementary school.

The main source of income is cocoa and copra. Another source of income is by selling local crops
at the market, like bettle nut (buai), mastard (daka), lime (kambang), peanut, greens, garden
produce, fish etc at the local markets. Mr. Tilom Dabaliga also produces and sells organic stock
feed, a skill he learnt from the agriculture officers based at Rai Coast District.

4. Description of the plan

This management is an agreement between the seven clans of Mur Community, namely;
1.       Marasok 2. Maigomba  3. Kamdau 4. Sokila  5. Mur 6. Dawang . This plan was developed to protect and safeguard the community resources in the condition they are in before it is over exploited to the point where it cannot recover.

The management plan describes the resources that the community value discussing their importance and their uses and the condition that these resources are currently at. It also goes on to discuss the threats and provides strategies or regulations and penalties to eliminate or control the threat to the important resources. Inclusive is a monitoring plan that will work towards measuring the effectiveness of the implemented management plan.
The management plan will be implemented by the Mur  community members.

5. Community resource use & management Issues

            5.1.Description of current use (Can include pictures here if wanted to show the targets or resources)

The following community targets are of high value to the community leaders; (1) Cocoa (2) Fish (3) Turtle (4) Coral Reefs (5) Sea shells (6) Kunai Grass (7) Sago (8) River
Cocoa , is a cash crop, primarily to earn income. A lot of the locals have fermentations that allow for them to dry their cocoa and then take it to the market for the buyer to pay cash. The locals are highly dependent on this resource as mentioned for income.
Fish is a local protein and communities harvest when need be to complement local garden crops such as sweet potato (kaukau), banana and cassava (tapiok)
Turtle,this animal is used for traditional purposes to trade. They don’t sell turtle meat and eggs. Traditionally they killed turtles mainly to trade with the inland people for taro. Even today they still don’t sell them. They use it for their own consumption.

Coral Reefs, this target resource provides for other important marine resources such as fish and shells. There are also cultural stories tied to this resource that the communities still treasure.
Sea shells this is a delicacy for the locals as well, making up part of the meal, only when there is availability.
Kunai  Grass- Used especially for roofing thatch. This material is available easily and therefore harvesting  is over a large areas. It is also cut and burnt to make areas for gardening. Locals also burn the grass to hunt for pigs.
Sago – The bark of the sago tree is beaten for its starchy substance which is food for the local. The palm leaves are also used for thatch roofs, such as that of kunai grass. Also where sago palms are found there are small outlets of water where locals use for bathing and washing dishes.
River, the locals use this area for washing clothes and dishes and bathing.

            5.2.Description of community targets and threats

The conditions of each target based on local observation are as follows and the trend of the resource overtime .
Target resource
Condition at present
Trend over time
Very good
No change
Kunai Grass
Sea shells
Very good
No change
Coral Reef
Very good
No change
No change
No change
No change

The table above show that a lot of the resources are perceive by locals as being good and that it will remain in this condition for the next 20 years.  For the Kunai grass locals are seeing areas that are reduced in the mountains and the valleys. The threats that were identified are; (Can also include photos here to show the threats )
Threat score
Overharvesting of resources
Poison rope fishing
Cutting  down
Binatang (insect spoiling the crops)
Burning or making fires
Human Waste
Night spear
Oil pollution
Man Stil (Stealing)

The most threatened resource identified by locals can also be seen in the table prioiritised below.
Overall threat scores
Coral Reefs
Sea shells
Kunai Grass

Participatory discussions have led to identification of the root causes of the majority of the threats which are;
1.       Lack of education and awareness
2.       Demand of resources due to population increase
3.       Demand for income to meet basic necessities
4.       Modern technology and improved way of living (Western culture replacing traditional culture)
5.       Demand for land to make gardens to feed increase in population
6.       Traditional systems have died out so no respect

6. Community Vision & Management Objectives (Please review with the committee this and edit if need be)

                Vision Statement

Preserving the environment for the future generations to live a self-sustaining life.


To protect and sustainably use our land and sea resources to provide us with income,food and beauty contributing to a healthy community

                Specific Objectives

1.       To ensure there is beautiful beaches and forest areas for Mur community to enjoy within the next  three (3) years
2.       To gain income through tourist operations within our marine area with the next  five years.
3.       Ensure fish stocks are maintained at current condition within the management area
4.       In the next 3 years we will identify and protect fish breeding areas at identified sites
5.       In the next 5 years increase the population of nesting  leatherback turtles within Mur management area.

7. Specific Terms and Conditions

            7.1 Zoning of the area for specific uses

 The designation of zones have been delineated by clans . (still to add if other clans have  decided)
A Map needs to be inserted here to show the proposed protected areas. (Adolf to provide after discussions)
Clan name
Designated zone
Mot reef
Tambu (Protected)
Parangamal reef
Restriction during spawning times

            7.2.Management Rules

The following set of rules will apply to areas that are open to harvesting.
Total ban of the use of poison rope for fishing
Ban use of double Hook for fishing
Ban use of gill nets for fishing
No use of gas tank to dive for fish and other marine resources
No night diving
Oil pollution/spillage
No use of dynamite
Noken kilim torosel
Stop long kisim gramsel
Stop long kisim kiau blong torosel

At tambu or protected areas  is banned from the all forms of harvesting.

7.3.Controls and enforcement of Rules (Fees or Penalties and Control Measures)

The following penalties have will be imposed if rules are breached.
Penalties (to be discussed and confirmed to insert)
Total ban of the use of poison rope for fishing

Ban use of double Hook for fishing

Ban use of gill nets for fishing

No use of gas tank to dive for fish and other marine resources

No night diving

No Oil pollution/spillage

No use of dynamite

No Killing of turtles (Is this all species?)

No harvesting of giant clans

No harvesting of turtle eggs

The rules outlined above will be enforced by the LMMA Committee and will be enforced through the village court system. The duties of the enforcement team is ; (1) To ensure that rules are followed (2) Will apply and collect penalties (3) responsible for erecting of the sign posts.
The Marine Management Committee will include (number of males and females and name the members)___________________________________________________________________

8.Resource Management Actions

To ensure the effective management of the LMMA the following activities have to be undertaken by the committees and working with our partners, especially when there is need for technical support.
A set of actions that will be a workplan that needs to be developed by the local management team. Look at the root causes such as Lack of awareness, so you would have to develop an activity and this will go in table
Lead person/Agency

9. Monitoring

The monitoring plan will be developed with the partner organization MAKATA Inc  so that it the methodologies are aligned with the scientific methodology. The plan will outline the following;

A local monitoring team will be established and trained to carry out the community-based monitoring.

Needs to be developed with the community can be done as part of the community biological monitoring training
Indicator species
Monitoring method
When to do it
Survey site
Who will do survey
Who to share information to

10. Others

The management plan will be reviewed annually for adaptive management purposes. If there are changes that need to be done to the document the LMMA committees in consultation with the community may make necessary changes during the review of the plan.


1. List of Management committee (Insert name list here)

2. Roles and Responsibilities of management committee (Develop this with committee)

3. Map of Mur Management Area (Insert map)

4. A Conservation agreement form or Conservation Deed (if MAKATA has a form can insert here)

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